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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Swiss Investment" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 11 Oct 2017 21:41:23 +0200

Good day to you.

I apologies for intruding into your privacy.

We have a pending transaction from one of our top clients Mr. Mikhail B. Khodorkovsky originating from an already executed contract payment that is yet to be paid due to many years of political problems.

Now Mr.Mikhail is free from prison and reconciled with President Putin and his contract payment has being pre-approved for payment and he needs a third party to stand as his investment manager to receive the funds for investment project on agree percemtage basis to be agreed upon.

Further details would be provided when we get your positive response.

I wait your reply.


Chief Financial Consultant
Swiss Consultant Ch
Alternative email:

Anti-fraud resources: