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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Johnson J.Howard" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 12 Oct 2017 04:18:53 -0500
Subject: Notification From Boardville Bank

Good day to you, we hope this mail notification will meet you in good health,Its our pleasure to notify you through this medium that your outstanding transaction has been perfected and the fund release application as earlier made in your favor has been approved. The approval was granted this morning by the appropriate authorities after our briefing with them.
Meanwhile, due to the Bureaucratic bottleneck that has militated against the completion of the direct transfer of your (One Hundred and Fifty Thousand United States Dollars ($150,000.00 USD)fund to your bank account in past, an arrangement has been concluded this morning with our affiliated corresponding bank in USA to carry out the transfer of your total funds on our behalf to your personal bank account.
We resorted to this arrangement in order to avoid some bureaucratic challenges which emanates when an international transfer has been unnecessarily delayed whenever its coming our end and the chosen bank in USA operate a five standard banking services.
Your detail information has been forwarded to Boardville Bank Plc USA for onward crediting of your total funds into your personal bank account, However you are advised to kindly reconfirm  your personal details to the bank when contacting the bank as soon as you receive this mail.
Bank Name: Boardville Bank Plc
Contact Person:: Mr.Johnson J. Howard
Private Email:
Call or TEXT +1-507-788-1437
Kindly furnish your details as stated below.
Full name:::
Home address::
Phone numbers::
Once more I wish to commend your mutual cooperation on this transaction and do be in touch with me as you deal with the Boardville Bank Plc.
Thank you.

Anti-fraud resources: