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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Muhammad Khan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 22:22:19 +0100
Subject: (Can I Trust You Sir/Madam)

Attn. Sir/Madam
How are you today I pray my email finds you well and in good health.
This communication is to inform you that we have programmed your payment to be received by you in person as you are further not expected to pay a dime in receiving of your funds and anybody who asks you to pay money must be lying to you. We have worked out all the modality for you to receive your funds without any further lapses.
The $10M  part payment funds is currently in our corresponding vault in France now, and for security purpose and to avoid impostors to know the way about of the funds, we have to move the documentation to our corresponding vault in Brazil where you need to come in person to sign your transfer legalization paper work and approval for the Funds to be remitted in your account on or before 30/10/2017.
The Vault have further arranged to pay your flight cost and hotel reservation for the trip, so that as soon as your funds are received
by you then you can reimburse them of all the expenses that they made for your trip and hotel reservations where the legalization materials will be sign and giving to you to bring along to the paying Bank in France.
You should also note that the mode of sharing ratio is 70% for you and 20% for them while I will take 10% for all expenses and documentations.
Thank you for your cooperation and understanding as I look forward to helping you receive your funds without any hitches.
I have further attached my passport for verification reasons.
Expect your valued response.
Best Regards,
Muhammad Khan

Anti-fraud resources: