fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "% of every payment" (Beware of any scheme that involves depositing checks or money orders or receiving wire transfers in your bank account and then wiring a portion of the funds somewhere, for a percentage of 5-15% of the total. Such offers are *always* fraudulent and you will be liable for the entire amount when the checks, money orders or wire transfers turn out to be fraudulent. Any money already forwarded comes out of *your* pocket then. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Baker Nigel" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 24 Oct 2017 10:34:36 -0700
Subject: Part-Time Job Offer
We are Baker Nigel & Partners a law firm here in UK and we are specialized in Finance and debt management.. We undertake debt collection for our customers in Asia and Africa. We want to appoint you as an agent in America to be receiving check payments as payments by check sent from the USA takes up to three weeks to clear whereas in
the USA in takes a maximum of 3 - 5 days to clear. In this respect we want to appoint you to be receiving check payments that originate in the USA and you will be entitled to 10% of every payment that comes through you. Understand that at no point will you be asked to invest a cent in this offer and appointment. If you accept ro work with us and earn 10% of payments that range from $5,000.00 USD reply and we will proceed with sending you a letter of appointment.
Baker Nigel & Partners
68 Clasper Way, Heywood Wigan,
OL10 3WS United Kingdom