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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Dailey" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 24 Oct 2017 05:48:22 -0700
Subject: GREETINGS !!!

Hello ,
My name is Sgt Major John Dailey. I am here in Afghanistan , I came upon a project I think we can work together on. I and my partner (1st Lt. Daniel Farkas ) have the sum of $12 Million United State Dollars which we got from a Crude Oil Deal in Iraq before he was killed by an explosion while on a Vehicle Patrol. Due to this incident, I want you to receive these funds on my behalf as far as I can be assured that my share will be safe in your care until I complete my service here in Afghanistan and come over to meet with you. Since we are working here for an Official capacity, I cannot keep these funds hence by contacting you. I Guarantee and Assure you that this is risk free.
I just need your acceptance to help me receive these funds and all is done. Since the death of my partner, my life is not guaranteed here anymore, so I have decided to share these funds with you. I am also offering you 40% of this money for the assistance you will give to me. One passionate appeal I will make to you, is for you not to discuss this matter with anybody, should you have reasons to reject this offer, please and please destroy this message as any leakage of this information will be too bad for us as soldiers here in Afghanistan. I do not know how long we will remain here, and I have been shot, wounded and survived so many suicide bomb attacks, this and other reasons have prompted me to reach out to you for help. I honestly want this matter to be resolved immediately, please contact me as soon as possible on my e-mail address which is my only way of communication.
Yours In Service,
Sgt John Dailey

Anti-fraud resources: