fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "AGF." (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 15 Oct 2017 13:14:32 -0700
Subject: Mail from the AGF,your funds.
I am Dr.Ahmed Idris,the new Accountant General of the Federation of Nigeria(AGF).
When I assumed office recently,I was instructed by the President to finalise the transfer of all unpaid international funds,and it was while all files of such unpaid funds were being revisited that you were discovered as one of the yet unpaid beneficiaries.
To this effect,you have been selected as one of those to be paid immediately.You are to immediately reconfirm all your details including Contract number,phone no,contract amount and you Bank details.
Thanks for your patience and cooperation.
The Accountant General of the Federation(AGF).