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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Phil Morris" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 26 Oct 2017 07:40:29 -0700
Subject: Re: Confirmations Needed Urgently...

Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
Issued: October 26th, 2017
My name is Phil Morris, following the directives received from the office of the Federal Reserve Bank NY,
as a result of petitions and counter petitions by foreign contractors over non-payment of their contract/
inheritance claims, this office has been appointed to look into all overdue payments of clients yet to be
released for verification, vetting and immediate payment.
Your name is among the list of beneficiaries released for verification and immediate payment.Be informed
that there are different accounts submitted for payment on the above mention beneficiary Authur Pouche.
We do not know which of the accounts to effect your payment to. Therefore, you are hereby required to verify
the following immediately: -did you or your broker instructed Mr. Arthur Pouche, from San Francisco for this
payment? Did you sign any "deed of assignment" in his favor, thereby making him the current beneficiary with
the following account details?
Wells Fargo Bank,
Bank Add: n.a.420 Montgomery Street san Francisco ca 94104
Bank routing number: 121 000 248
A/C #: 0832833016.
You are required as a matter of urgency to confirm the legitimacy of the above claim and kindly give us reason
why you decided to affect the above change of account. If you are not aware of this claim, please confirm to
us immediately by stating your authentic account details, for proper remittance of your fund.
Also required are documents authenticating your claim? Due to the long delay this payment has suffered, be rest
assured that immediately these payment irregularities are cleared, you will receive your fund remittance analysis
for clearance of funds into your account through our affiliated Bank for payment.
Note: that we are bound to recognize Mr. Arthur Pouche claims, if you fail to promptly respond to this inquiry
following the deed of assignment he submitted to claim this payment. Make sure you get back to us as soon as
possible so that the necessary action will be taken immediately.
Phil Morris
Tel: +15085065148

Anti-fraud resources: