fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: FEDERAL RESERVE BANK <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sun, 29 Oct 2017 17:46:14 +0100
Subject: Atten:Beneficiary!!Regarding The Transaction of $22.5m mail.shaks.com.cn
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
33 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10045
We have told you to get the Transfer documents so that the $22.5m can be
released to you but till this moment never heard from you.Its now certain
you are not serious and the $22.5m will be canceled and reallocated to your
representatives in according to the International Remittance Policy of
section 84 sub section 45.
Attached are the scanned copies of your representatives, Also reconfirm your
contact details and direct telephone number.
Awaiting your response.
Senior Personal Assistance
Chairman Board of Governors,
Federal Reserve Bank