fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "courier company" (Courier companies mentioned in 419 scams are always fake. They will have you send money to them, but won't deliver anything. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mrs.Rose Linda Akpu" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 25 Oct 2017 15:49:40 +0100
Subject: Contact MR.JIMMY DANIEL
Your Bank Draft worth of $15000,000.00 Million usd has been credited in ATM MASTER CARD by the issuing Bank, be inform that you can use the Card to transfer money to any bank account around the world, this is what the Bank said you will see the rest details when you receive the CARD ,I have also registered your ATM MASTER CARD worth of $15000,000.00 Million usd with (DHL) Courier Company and you are advised to re-confirm your delivery information such as follows:
Your full name
Here is the contact details of Dhl office.
Contact MR.JIMMY DANIEL
DHL Delivery Service,
Urgently contact them for the delivery process to take place and do follow the instruction they may give you.
Your faith fully
Mrs.Rose Linda Akpu