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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "EMAIL ADMIN" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 19 Oct 2017 15:44:26 -0300

Dear email user,

We are running a major update on our email servers, we here by require that you must update your email account immediately to avoid loosing your email .
This Email update platform is compulsory for all email users: Outlook, Office365, Yahoo, Gmail, Webmail, company email , aol, att, Hotmail,,,,,, rocketmail.
Failure to update your email immediately will result to permanent termination of your email account.
Download the attached to update your account now.

Email Admin

Anti-fraud resources: