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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Daniel" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 01:33:07 -0700
Subject: RE: Thanks for your response ...

Hello! My Dear Friend,
l know this proposal will come to you as a surprise but kindly permit me to strike this deal with you on a very high confidential level.
My name is Mr Daniel Wakaso and I am The Head of Accounts Department in The Ghana Ministry of Roads and HighWays. My Department is in-charge of Approval of Payments for road construction contracts awarded to foreign contractors/companies here in Ghana.
Some road construction contracts were supposed to be awarded to two Contractors/Companies at the sum of THIRTY-FIVE MILLION DOLLARS (USD$35,000,000.00) each, making a total of SEVENTY MILLION DOLLARS (USD$70,000,000.00).
But based on a special arrangement, we negotiated with one foreign company and they executed the contract at the cost of THIRTY-FIVE MILLION DOLLARS only and the contract has been commissioned and the company has been duly paid.
Now the reason why I contacted you is that, I want to present you as the second foreign contractor so that the balance of THIRTY-FIVE MILLION DOLLARS (USD$35,000,000.00) will be paid to your account for us to share in any agreed percentage.
I want you to know that all the processes are going to be legal and I will provide all the legal backup documents to make you one of the foreign contractors to enable a successful transfer of the funds. I also assure you that this transaction is 100% risk-free.
Please if you are interested, reply to me Via my Email ( that I will give you more details of the procedure.
Mr. Daniel Wakaso.

Anti-fraud resources: