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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paul Appiah" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 12:55:03 -0700
Subject: Partnership Investment

Hello Friend,

Hello Am So Sorry to disturb you with this message Again because i know you must have received such like this before, My name is Mr.Paul Appiah a branch bank marketing manager from Ghana. i really need your urgent assistance and support for an investment advice to invest in your country.

You may be surprise how did i got your contact,Well I got your contact through a reliable source called database through Ghana chambers of commerce.I am writing to solicit your support and assistance in the Transfer of US$8,800,000.00 Dollars.

I am interested to transfer and invest in your country through your assistance and support only if you will be willing work with me. I am in Ghana presently and I have the sum of Eight Million Eight hundred thousand US Dollars which I would like to transfer into your account and invest in your country if possible.

I made this money US$8,800,000.00 out of my branch office excess profit for the 2013 fiscal year. I choose you because I cannot be directly involve for I am still working with the bank as manager, I hope you can understand my situation and assist me to receive and invest this money properly as this is my only hope.

Please kindly get back to me as soon as possible in only your are interested to work with me for more details but if you are not interested do not reply.

Best regards,

Mr.Paul Appiah

Anti-fraud resources: