fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: =?UTF-8?Q?Mr=2E_J=C3=BCrgen_Stock?= <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 21:34:22 +0100
Subject: Re: Matter of Urgency
INTERPOL General Secretariat
200, quai Ronald Noble,
Congratulation to you for our successfully recovered your fund
We received Fraud signal and report from Our high-tech infrastructure
of technical and operational support that helps us meet the growing
challenges of fighting crime in the 21st century about innocent people
Fund invested in Some Banks in Asia and U.S.A after our real-time and
pain-stacking investigation we find out that your name was use
transfer and invest the Sum of $36,000,000.00 with Asian Development
We are contacting you because your name and email address was used to
transfer and invest the fund with the bank and all the dividend is
paid to the brokerage account in United States so We have already
informed the bank that the real beneficiary of the fund will be
in-touch after our investigation, please we advice to confirm this
information with your full information for final verification before
we get you in touch with the holding bank.
We are waiting for your urgent confirmation of this important message
before we will give you the full details contact of the bank to open
Mr. JÃ¼rgen Stock,
New Secretary-General of the International
Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)
INTERPOL (General Secretariat)