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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barrister Ryan Blair" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 23:09:30 +0200
Subject: Attention: Claimant,

Address: 40/45 Marina Street Adeola Odeku Lagos-Nigeria.

Attention: Claimant,

This message is to officially acknowledge the receipt of your email
correspondence dated Monday1st November 2017. On request of the IMF, we
have been given authority and a standing order to effect payment due your,
Sequel to your application for the release of your funds, you are expected
to reconfirm your basic information for the processing of the release of
your ATM card containing your fund.

*** Your Full Name:
*** Full Address:
*** Personal Email or Fax
*** Phone number:
*** Age:
*** Gender;
*** Occupation:
*** country:
*** Scan copy of drivers licences or Passport

I hereby inform you that your ATM card will be ready before by tomorrow
morning 9am my time..

Thank you.

Yours sincerely,
Barrister Ryan Blair
WhatsApp number +2349056145559
Director,ATM Department.
CNBM International Corporation.

Anti-fraud resources: