fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "barrister" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- "lagos" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Barrister Ryan Blair" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 23:09:30 +0200
Subject: Attention: Claimant,
Address: 40/45 Marina Street Adeola Odeku Lagos-Nigeria.
This message is to officially acknowledge the receipt of your email
correspondence dated Monday1st November 2017. On request of the IMF, we
have been given authority and a standing order to effect payment due your,
Sequel to your application for the release of your funds, you are expected
to reconfirm your basic information for the processing of the release of
your ATM card containing your fund.
*** Your Full Name:
*** Full Address:
*** Personal Email or Fax
*** Phone number:
*** Scan copy of drivers licences or Passport
I hereby inform you that your ATM card will be ready before by tomorrow
morning 9am my time..
Barrister Ryan Blair
WhatsApp number +2349056145559
CNBM International Corporation.