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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Kenneth Robertson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 2 Nov 2017 17:21:08 -0700
Subject: This is top secret about your payment. Respond immediately to claim what belongs to you

My name is Kenneth Robertson, a junior staff with IMF Liaison Office in South Africa. I am very sure that you are not aware of ($10,500,000.00) Ten Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars which is attached to your email address. This money was approved to be paid to you but some senior staffs presented someone else to claim your money because they believe you are not aware.
They have presented Ms. Nancy Tice of USA as your Next of Kin to claim your money within the two days and I want to know if you are aware of this woman who they claimed is your Next of Kin. According to them, they said you gave her a Power of Attorney to represent you and I want to know if you at any time instructed this woman to represent you in collection of this money and if not, I need you to claim your payment immediately.
I can secretly work with you and give you information on how you can claim what belongs to you within 48 hours because it is attached to your email and maybe you are not aware. This is top secret so get back to me and I will give you more information. I await your urgent reply now before they take what belongs to you.
Contact me with your full name, address, telephone number  and I will work with you to get this money transferred to you within the next 48 hours.
Mr. Kenneth Robertson

Anti-fraud resources: