fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr David Koffi " <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 03 Nov 2017 09:02:22 +0100
My name is Dr. David Koffi I am a financial broker by profession. I have an important business I want to propose to you therefore go through this email and get back to me.
In the year 2011 during the political upheavals in Libya, I was consulted by one of my old client an oil magnate and ex minister of petroleum being a strong ally to deposed Libyan president Muammar Gaddaffi. My client sought for my assistance to move 800 kilograms of Gold Dore Bars to a financial house abroad when it became clear to him that Gaddaffi will be ousted from the seat of power.
As a financial broker I secured a Certificate of origin showing that the Gold was purchased from a Gold mining company here in Ghana and then made the necessary arrangements with an offshore financial house and the total 800 kilograms of Gold was moved out safely and was placed under their custody without a beneficiary/recipient name on it because my client didn't want his name mentioned due to his political status at the time.
Now prior to the expiration of the deposit agreement we had with the financial house, the financial house has called on my urgent attention to furnish them with the details of the rightful beneficiary to enable them expedite the delivery of the gold but unfortunately my client was assassinated few years ago in an unknown circumstances. Please check the report of his death on BBC news http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-17889660
Now I am seeking your assistance to present you to the financial house as the beneficiary and recipient of the Gold to enable them place the Gold on your name for subsequent delivery or redeposit
I decided to do this because I cannot forfeit this deposit to the finance house considering the fact that no other individual or person is aware of this deposit except me and my deceased client.
Your role is to only pose as the beneficiary of the deposit since the Gold was deposited without beneficiary's name and after that you will instruct the finance company to deliver the Gold to any country we may decide to sell the Gold and after that I will fly down to meet with you and disburse the proceed of the Gold 50% for you and 50% for me. I am open for negotiations if you deem it necessary. As a Christian I would want to use part of my own share to start a charity organisation to help millions of impoverished children there in Libya.
As you can see from the above explanation, everything about this transaction is 100% legitimate and will never bring trouble of any kind now and after the completion of the transaction.
If you are ready to work with me kindly indicate your interest of coming down to Accra Ghana and provide me your direct telephone number for verbal discussion.
I am looking forward to hearing from you at email@example.com
Dr. David Koffi