fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "urgent assistance" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "top secret" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Pee Chor Meng" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 10 Nov 2017 23:34:01 +0530
Subject: EXCUSE MY INVASION OF YOUR PRIVACY
From: Mr.Pee Chor Meng
Address: PO Box 11015, 50742
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Excuse my invasion of your privacy. Dear Friend, I am (Mr.PeeChorMeng), from Malaysia, I Hoped that you will not expose or betray this trust and confident that i am about to transact with you for the mutual benefit of our both families. I need your urgent assistance in transferring the sum of $19,500,000.00 away from my Bank to a private Bank i will advise you to open. Please I would like you to keep this proposal as a top secret or delete it from your mail box, if you are not interested. Also note that you will have 30% of the above mentioned sum, if you agree to transact the business with me while 70% will be for me. I will give you full information details as regards this transaction as soon as you notify me of your interest.
Please Email me on my private email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Mr.Pee Chor Meng.