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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

Click here to report a problem with this page.



Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Barrister Alfonso Gary Johan" <>
Date: Sat, 11 Nov 2017 02:02:01 +0200
Subject: From: Alfonso Gary Johan & Associates

From: Alfonso Gary Johan & Associates (Norwood) Address:
1The Avenue, Cnr. Henrietta Rd, Norwood, Gauteng /
Johannesburg. Republic Of South Africa.
Email :

It is with trust and sincerity that I approach you for assistance to
transfer some funds into your bank account. Please do accept my
apology if my mail infringes on your personal ethics. My name is
Alfonso Gary Johan. A Private Lawyer based here in Johannesburg South

Honestly it will be my humble pleasure if we can work together. I
would like you to act as the next of kin to my deceased client, a
citizen of your country, who made a deposit of $23.5 million only with
a Bank here in Johannesburg few years back. He died in a plane crash
with his immediate family in a plane crash without any registered next
of kin and as such the funds now have an open beneficiary mandate with
a Bank,

This means that any person from your country can actas the next of kin
of the deceased person for claiming the inheritance funds without any
risk involved. Moreso, I have received official letter from the bank
suggesting a likely proceeding for confiscation of the Fund in line
with existing laws by the bank in which my client deposited the sum of
$23.5 Million Dollars . According to the Government Law as provided in
section 129 sub 63(N), South African Banking Edit of 1961 at the
expiration of 11 years the fund will revert to the ownership of the
South African Government, if nobody applies to claim the fund.

My proposition to you is to present you to the bank as the Next of kin
and beneficiary of my deceased client so that the bank will pay this
$23.5 million to you so that we can share the amount on a mutually
agreed percentage of 50% for me 50% for you. All legal documents to
back up your claim as the deceased Next of Kin will be provided by me.
All I require is your honest cooperation to enable us see this
transactionthrough. I guarantee you that this will be executed under a
legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the

If you are interested in this transactions, Please do let me know
immediately so that I can give you comprehensive details on how to

Barrister Alfonso Gary Johan

Anti-fraud resources: