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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Daniel Wakaso <>
Date: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 02:40:27 +0100
Subject: Reply Now

Dear friend,

l know this proposal may come to you as a surprise but kindly permit me
to strike this deal with you on a very high confidential level.

As The Head of Accounts Department in The Ghana Ministry of Roads and
Highways, I am in-charge of Payment Approval of Contracts awarded to
Local and Foreign Contractors by Ghana government.

My Ministry negotiated with one Foreign Construction Company who
executed a major road construction contract which was supposed to be
awarded to two Foreign Construction Companies at the cost of One Hundred
Million Dollars (USD$100,000,000.00).

Based on a special arrangement, the company executed the contract at the
cost of Fifty Million Dollars (USD$50,000,000.00) instead of One Hundred
Million Dollars (USD$100,000,000.00) and the contract has been completed
and the company has been duly paid.

Therefore, I want you to stand as the second Foreign Contractor so that
the balance of Fifty Million Dollars (USD$50,000,000.00) will be paid to
you for I and you to share 50/50 and if possible invest together in a
good business.

All the processes are going to be legal, be rest assured that this
transaction is 100% risk-free. Please if you are interested, reply to me
via this email: so that I will give you details of
the procedure.
Yours truly,
Mr. Daniel Wakaso.

Anti-fraud resources: