fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Laura" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 15 Nov 2017 11:07:15 +0000
Subject: California State Law and the California State Lottery Rules & Regulations
Holli Armstrong have proved about the $233.9 million left by the forgotten=
stakeholders in 2001. The lotto spokeswoman has also announced your name o=
n the winning list to claim the $18.5 million. Sometimes, winnings are not =
received because a person may misunderstand a game. An example is a Powerba=
ll player who believes all six numbers must be matched to win anything, she=
There are rules/regulations for cashing in a prize, Our logistic departmen=
t will surely open an account with UBA, New York & you will be issued the N=
AME ON ACCOUNT, ACCOUNT NUMBER & ROUTINE NUMBER of the account. The reason =
is to deposit your winning fund before giving you the access.
We have agreed terms with the Bank to make a deposit of $85 only by our wi=
nners to create the account and deposit the fund on your behalf. I assure y=
ou that as soon as you confirm the payment of the $85 your account will be =
created & funded on your behalf,
I'll send the details to you via email on confirmation basis.
Note that online transfer from UBA to your local bank has a daily limit of=
Get back to me with the following information, full name, age, sex and sca=
nned copy of DL.
See you on the inside