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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Justin Holiday" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 19 Nov 2017 19:10:54 -0800
Subject: From Mr. Justin Holiday

Greetings of the Season.


My name is Mr. Justin Holiday ,I am a senior staff at Vision Finance Limited , Norwich United Kingdom.

There is this profound opportunity from my company which i will like us to utilize. Simply it requires the participation of any foreign citizens outside the United Kingdom, thus I seek your consent and acceptance to go into partnership.

Based on maximum spread of news and information on the internet, I won’t be able to break down the full details of this opportunity on this first letter.

This opportunity has a portfolio of £8.1 Million British Pounds.

My lawyer has outlined the professional strategies by which we should handle this opportunity and trust me it is 100% legal

For more and full detailed information about this, I will urge you to respond today to enable me brief you fully on the procedures.

Looking forward to receiving your message today

Yours faithfully

Mr. Justin S.Holiday

Anti-fraud resources: