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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Duru" <>
Date: Sun, 19 Nov 2017 20:34:43 -0800

Hello Sir/Madam ,

Greeting to you and your family, My Names are Duru Eke from Nigeria,
the Personal Assistant to the former NNPC D.G(Mrs. Diezani
Alison-Madueke) to the formal president of Nigeria right in a
trouble, They are funds she deposited with five different names in
banks which the Deposit Certificate are with me as he have directed me
to look for his Business Partner (company owner) who can handle this
fund into a profitable business as she will give the person 25% for
assistance. Please if you are interested to assist me send me your
mobile number to enable us communicate or send me email to
Duru Eke
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Anti-fraud resources: