fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "CLONEL EDWARD" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 19 Nov 2017 22:35:57 -0800
Subject: I BELIEVE WE CAN WORK TOGETHER IN ONE MIND
My Friend, I am Colonel Edward. From UNITED STATED OF AMERICA. I thank you so much for reading my letter, also sorry for my late reply, believe me , i am willing to work with you, please be specific and honest by telling me more about you and your family, your plans of making use of this fund if you have this money at your resident? are you into business? do you have company of your own, how can i believe that you will not divert the fund when you have it at your custody? Meanwhile. I always believe in pursuing a positive goal that will benefit me and my partner. I have good business idea on Hotel management,Real Estate, Manufacturing of food products, Solar Power plant. Dairy farm , Milk products, etc. The investment will be made according to your choice .
Please get back to me with more details about you. as for me i am Colonel Edward, still in Afghanistan for peace keeping force. I have only one son called Bryan, but with my divorce wife. my mother is old, my father is late.
The amount in question is 10million dollars, let plan on how to deliver it to your house without a hitch. MEANWHILE, this
is agent James Richard Brown Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
he is in charge of the cargo box, Please write down his email if you did not hear from me again, have
it in mind that you can easily reach him and locate the box.
You can also write me to my private email: