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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Robert Philip" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 20 Nov 2017 01:47:12 -0800
Subject: I Await For Your Response.

To your attention:
My client is looking for lucrative Investment Opportunities in your Country or in any Country that may be advised by you. Therefore, the proposed Investments Amount by my client will be made available to you in a clean and clear terms should you find this offer interesting.
I am a Legal Practitioner/Financial Advisor based in the Republic of Ghana West Africa and will provide full details and road map by which this transaction could be executed without hitches should you indicate your interest and readiness to work with me. Your benefits and entitlements will also be made available to you as well
Yours Regards,
Robert Philip

Anti-fraud resources: