fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "loan amount" (Beware of fake loan offers. Real lenders would not normally use free webmail addresses such as Yahoo, nor would they lend to individuals or small businesses in a different country from where they are based. Beware of mobile phones or redirector numbers!)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "FREEDOM MARKET INVESTMENT" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 20 Nov 2017 15:20:10 +0100
Subject: Season Greeting!!!
Dear Esteemed Customer
Freedom Market Investments, specializes in arranging loan of any amounts, longer repayment terms. We offer Business loan, Home loan, Personal loan, Car loan, Student loan, Dept. Consolidation, Loan for Business start. Do you have a small or big project to finance? up and Business Expansion, Real Estate and Mortgages all at 3% interest rate for applicants of all credit types.
The service we offer is quick and stress free. Our Priority is your total Satisfaction! Our goal is that you enjoy the service we provide from start to conclusion. Interested new applicant should contact us as soon as possible.
LOAN APPLICATION FORM
(1) Full Name:
(2) Full address:
(6) phone number:
(8) Loan Amount:
(9) Loan duration:
The information in this email is confidential and may be legally privileged. It is intended solely for the addressee. Access this email from anyone else is unauthorized. Relieved, it is prohibited, or any disclosure, copying, distribution, or any action taken or relieved. Whenever you are referred to our clients, they are subject to the terms and conditions.