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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Engr. Jozef" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 21 Nov 2017 00:29:47 +0100
Subject: Good day to you

Good day
I have an urgent donation for the less privilege ones. Please let me know if I can trust you to receive this funds and distribute it to charity organizations and hospitals. Reply me for more details if interested ( )

本邮件(包括任何附件)是机密信息,并受到法律保护。如果您不是指定的收件人,严格禁止对本信息内容进行任何披露,复制,分发或使用的行为。如果您收件有误,请立即通知发件人,并从您的系统中删除此邮件的所有副本。谢谢。This message (including any attachments) is CONFIDENTIAL and may be PRIVILEGED. If you are not the intended recipient, any disclosure, copying, distribution or use or any other action based on the contents of this information is strictly prohibited. If you receive this message in error, please immediately notify the sender and delete all copies of this information from your system. Thank you.

Anti-fraud resources: