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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Fred Williamson <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 23 Nov 2017 20:09:44 +0000
Subject: Investment consultant!

Good day!.

I am Fred Williamson,a business developer and Investment consultant. I will like to develop a business partnership and investment with you.

I will like to keep the details short for now. If you are interested and you have a project worth investing on, kindly reply to this email: ( )

Do not forget to include your direct cell phone number with country code. and the best time to call you, in your reply.

I will call you to discuss the modality and other details once I get a reply from you.

I am looking forward to your response and working with you on this Investment project.

Yours Faithfully


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Anti-fraud resources: