fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Diamond Bank" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 24 Nov 2017 04:36:31 +0100
Subject: ACCRUED INTEREST
Our Ref: DBN/435/OX/024/17
Attn: Dear Customer
RE: PAYMENT ON ACCRUED INTEREST OF US$500,000:00
I am Mr. Paul Essien, Director of the office of Loans, Interest and Income Tax, Diamond Bank Nigeria
Sometimes ago, money was to you but has remained unclaimed over a period of three years and was taken back to the Federal Government Treasury. This money while in our bank generated an interest of US$500,000:00 which is now ready to be paid through a direct wire transfer or online banking services.
For your information, I would advice you to hasten up to pick this fund because from time to time, the CBN auditors do come to our bank to cross-check our files and our financial update. The earlier you comply with the demands of the transfer or delivery of the fund the faster the action because the CBN officials want the accrued interest released to them but we refused but if they find out that this accrued interest fund is still in our bank they must cite the section of financial act to call back the money to the Federal Government curfew.
In this light, what we need from you now is your maximum co-operation thus the below requirements must be forwarded immediately.
(a) Full name
(b) Any form of photo identification
(c) Telephone and fax numbers
As a matter of fact, we dont have enough time to waste since we have wasted time in contacting you. Contact me through this email: firstname.lastname@example.org with the above listed requirement for proper documentation and processing of your accrued interest fund.I am expecting your immediate response.
Mr .Paul Essien.
Director of the office of
Loans, Interest and Income Tax