fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "transfer of your funds" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Purchase Department" <email@example.com>
Date: Sat, 25 Nov 2017 03:27:23 +0100
Subject: Contract Payment:Please Confirm.
Your Ref:Contract Payment:Please Confirm.
I wish to use thisÂ medium to inform you that following the on going review of all unpaidÂ contractÂ funds ,Â your payment file was forwarded to our office for immediate payment of your long delayed funds starting with a transfer of U$ 3.2m with reference No. WBC/LU-14GN, to your bank account. However, I amÂ surprised to receive another application this morning from your representative, MR.ROBERT BERNHARDT, stating that you authorized him to transfer the funds to another bank account in Switzerland and that you are indisposed. Could you please confirm immediately, your relationship with MR.ROBERT BERNHARDT and also, confirm if the bank account in Switzerland as shown below is now your new bank account information to receive your funds from our paying bank
CREDIT SUISSE, CH-8038 ZÃRICH, SWITZERLAND
ACCOUNT NO:5018 1448 1308
IBAN: CH19 0483 5018 1448 1308 1
SWIFT CODE: CRESCHZZ80A
Â Â Â Kindly reply today by email with your telephone number to confirm this information to avoid wrong transfer of your funds, so that the remittance departments can proceed with the procedures of transfer of your funds to your correct bank account as scheduled. You will be requested to contact the remittance department if you wish you redirect your funds.
Â Â Â Regards
Â Â Â Yours sincerely.