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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dayungroups Plc" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 7 Dec 2017 10:45:41 -0600
Subject: Investment Enquiries

I am a free lance investment consultant agent based in England, i am working for an ousted president in Africa who wishes to invest his funds quietly in your country without raising eye brows. My client wishes to invest in your region and you were confidentially recommended based on trust and confidentiality
Please can we have some discussions on this either by phone or more here on email.
Direct your reply for quick response
Best regards,
Mr Edward Graham

Anti-fraud resources: