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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Charles Hudson <>
Date: Thu, 14 Dec 2017 19:55:16 +0200
Subject: $45 Million US Dollars Investment

My name is Captain Charles Huddson, serving in United States Army DMI
attached to M-ups, around the boarder line of Turkey and Syria. I need
your sincere and truthful friendship and also wishes to entrust some
funds into your care ($45 Million US Dollars) that I successfully moved
out of the country. For your time and assistance am offering you 20% of
the total money. Respond to me on my private email:
so that we can proceed with the project. Thank you.

Best Regards.

Anti-fraud resources: