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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Don Hutchison" <>
Date: Thu, 14 Dec 2017 15:28:17 -0500


I send you greetings. I found your contact email address listed on our Internet Business Directory and it is my wish to do business with you, hence your receipt of this UN-official letter.

I am brokering an Investment deal on behalf of a client. This deal will involve the eventual fund investment of USD$15,000,000.00 (Fifteen Million, United States Dollars Only) in your country. By this letter, I am offering to have you manage the funds in a viable investment in your country.

I have kept this proposal brief, and if you are Interested in this viable offer of my partnership with you, please respond by forwarding to me, your full contact details or company profile to ( In response, I will send you an elaborate proposal and details of this offer.

Yours faithfully,


Anti-fraud resources: