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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Rita Adams <>
Reply-To: Rita Adams <>
Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 20:34:43 +0900 (JST)
Subject: I greet you in the name of the Lord.


I am Mrs Rita Adams, I am 65 years old base in Cote d'Ivoire I write to relate to you of my intention to use my money ($2.5 Million Usd for charity work in your country. I was married to Late Mr. Williams Adams who was a contractor with the Government of Cote d'Ivoire before he died after few days in the hospital. I have been suffering from cancer I want to know if I can trust you to use these funds for charity/orphanage and 20 percent will be for you as compensation. Please contact me, so that I will give you more details.
Yours in the Lord,

Mrs  Rita Adams


Soy la Sra. Rita Adams, tengo 65 años de la base en Cote d'Ivoire escribo para referirme a ti de mi intención de usar mi dinero ($ 2.5 millones de Usd para el trabajo de la caridad en tu país. quien fue contratista del gobierno de Costa de Marfil antes de morir después de unos días en el hospital.He estado sufriendo de cáncer quiero saber si puedo confiar en que usted use estos fondos para la caridad / orfanato y el 20 por ciento será por favor, póngase en contacto conmigo, para que yo le dé más detalles.
Tuyo en el Señor,

Sra. Rita Adams

Anti-fraud resources: