fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Johnson Dike" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 15 Dec 2017 07:19:46 -0500
Subject: Your Unpaid Fund
Please read this mail carefully and proceed to collect your ATM Card worth US$4,500,000.00 payment.
Following this year's (2017) review of the global financial matters and just concluded investigations today by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, it is revealed that your email is among the list of people yet to receive their lottery fund, inheritance fund, compensation fund, awarded contract funds and victims who have lost their hard earn money to scammers while trying to claim their funds.
In view of the foregoing, a new payment of US$4,500,000.00 has been approved in your favor and credited into an ATM CARD which shall be delivered to you.
Note: Thousands of fraudsters have been using this method in scamming most foreign creditors that we have in the payment list here in our office. We use this medium to inform you that any mail that do not come with the new communication code: NG/CCUF-HFCR-/RLPHJ/ is false. In this case, youre advice not to respond to any mail that does not come with the above
communication code for safety purpose.
Our final conclusion was that, the fund should be paid to you via an Automated Teller Machine card (ATM) as it seems, this will be easier and faster for you to receive payment.
Your new communication code: NG/CCUF-HFCR-/RLPHJ/. Do complete the below details for proper verification and documentation.
1. Full Names
2. Residence address
3. Telephone/Fax number
5. Next of Kin
6. Country of Residence
7. A copy of your drivers license OR international passport
Thank you for your anticipated cooperation and we are looking forward to hearing from you.
Mr. Johnson Dike.
Swift Debit ATM Card Payment System
Presidential Committee On Foreign Payments