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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Chang Song Ri" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 17 Dec 2017 13:39:39 +0100
Subject: Earn 30% to partner with us.

Earn 30% to partner with us.

I am Chang Song son of General Ri Yong-gil executed in January 2015 by North Korea leader, Kim Jong-un. I have since re-located to London permanently out of North Korea regime of Kim Jong-un who is bent killing all our family members he perceived as his enemies. I am writing to request your honest assistance in receiving and managing a considerable sum of money in a secured account with a private and re-known fund managers. In the heat of the current events with my family, I have been asked by the fund managers to move the funds to a safer

aboard to avoid been confiscated. In the light of this I have appointed our age long family Attorney, Francis D. Rutherford a United Kingdom based Attorney to oversee the movement of this fund in order to stay within the confines of ordinary law. I am therefore writing under the umbrella of his office and asking you to deal with him directly in this transaction.

I am offering you a total share of 30% as reward to you for standing in as a substitute beneficiary to the claim, an additional 5% is set aside to reimburse for expenses in the course of the transaction and the balance of 65% will be invested upon your strong recommendation in your chosen destination. If you are willing to provide this assistance please forward your personal detail and mobile phone number(s) to the Attorney, on his personal email address:, otherwise please feel free to decline.

We look forward to a great business relationship.

Chang Song Ri

Anti-fraud resources: