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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Chase Online"<>
Date: Sun, 17 Dec 2017 21:11:39 +0000
Subject: Chase Online Account Suspension




Dear Chase OnlineSM Customer:
During our usual security enhancement protocol, we observed multiple login=
attempt error while login in to your online banking account. We have belie=
ved that someone other than you is trying to access your account for securi=
ty reasons, we have temporarily suspend your account and your access to onl=
ine banking and will be restricted if you fail to update

To restore your account, Sign in to Online Banking

Please don't reply directly to this automatically-generated e-mail message. =

Sincerely, =

Online Banking Team


JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. Member FDIC
=A92017 JPMorgan Chase & Co.

Anti-fraud resources: