fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Moss Franky" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 16 Oct 2017 02:06:20 +0300
Subject: Dear Sir/Madam,
How Are You Today? I Hope You And Your Family Is Okay. I Want To Use This Opportunity To Introduce Myself To You, I Am Mr.Moss Franky From Accra Ghana, I Work With The Arb Apex Bank Ltd Accra Ghana. I Have A Legitimate Contract Job Offer For You, I Want To Know If You Have The Ability, Workforce And Strength To Help Me To Invest In The Following Sectors: Real Estate, Hotel Management/Tourism, Stock Management And Commercial Agriculture In Your Country And Get Rewarded Financially Without Affecting Your Convenience Upon My Instruction, But If You Know Any Other Profitable Business That Can Yield A Good Profits Kindly Let Me Know.
I Am Consulting You On Business Grounds As I Seek For A Reputable Real Estate Firm, Foreign Partner Or An Individual That Can Assist With Scouting Of A Well Sited Landed Estate I Can Invest Into Outside Ghana Or Other Lucrative Sectors That Can Yield Good Profit From My Investment. Most Importantly, You Will Be Required To Inspect, Monitor And Close Up Transactions On My Behalf. Due To The Sensitivity Of My Position I Hold Here In My Bank So I Cannot Handle This Transaction Outside Ghana That Is The Reason I Am Contacting You To Manage This Investment Over There In Your Country And Because Of The Unstable Economies And Developed Nations Where I Can Get Good Profit For The Investment That's Why I Contacted You.
What I Am Requesting Is A Reputable Real Estate Firm, Foreign Partner Or An Individual, Who Will Be Willing To Receive (Us$20,500,000.00) On My Behalf In Your Country, And Put It To Good Use For A Period Not Exceeding Two Years For A Start. These Are My Terms: (1) We Are Going To Invest The Fund In The Business Which You Know Will Give Us Profit And After Two Years We Are Going To Share The Profit. That Is, You Do Not Pay Any Interest On The Money But You Will Give Me 50% Of All Profits After Tax That Accrued From The Use Of The Funds.(2) If You Are Not In Line Of Business, It Doesnt Stop You From Receiving The Fund. You Can Receive This Fund And Keep It Safely For Two Months In Your Position Before My Arrival In Your Country And I Will Compensate You With 30% Of The Total Amount After My Arrival In Your Country.
For More Discussions Regarding This Investment, I Will Like To Have The Below Information Of Yours To See Your Capabilities To Handle Investment Of This Huge Amount. Please Kindly Forward To Me The Below Information Directly To My E Mail Address:email@example.com
Country Of Origin:
Finally, The Most Reason Why I Contacted You For This Investment Purpose In Your Country Is In Other To Secure The Future Of My Children After Retirement.