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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Marc Vandhorne" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 15:59:16 -0000

Talacker Zurich
Swiss Finance Group

SWISS FINANCE GROUP in partnership with Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS)
inform you of the establishment of a large-scale
loan program for businesses and individuals with an annual fixed rate 2%,
the amounts granted are between 300,000 euros minimum and 250 million euros maximum.
To apply please complete the information below:
Last name and first names:
Loan amount:
Duration of the loan:
Company Name:
Trade register number:
Professional address:
Phone / Mobile / Fax:
This information should be forwarded by email to our legal counsel for a feasibility study

Macfarlane LLP
20 Cursitor Street London EC4A 1LT
T: +44 (0) 20 3318 8518

Best regards.
Mr. Marc Vandhorne
Chief Investment Officer

CHarles Mayer (SWISSIFG)

Anti-fraud resources: