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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David John" <>
Date: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 22:43:33 +0200
Subject: Re: David John

Dear sir/madam,


Before I proceed, I must first apologize for my unsolicited mail to you. I am aware it certainly is not a conventional way of approach to establish a relationship of trust, but you will realize the need for my action. My name is David John, and I am the Director-General at a top government ministry in South Africa.

I would like to share this confidential deal and opportunity with you, with the hope that we can both work together for its success and mutual benefit.

Our government ministry is currently profiling and processing payments to their contractors with accomplished contracts in the current year. My proposal to you is to present you to our ministry for profiling as a contractor and to stand as a beneficiary of contract payment to the value of USD10Million.

It is within my authority as the Director General in the ministry to lodge-in your profile for profiling as one of our contractors and beneficiary of payment, regularize and approve vital paper works that will be recognized, accepted and approved by the ministry and its appointed paying bank. This will officially place you as the contract payment beneficiary. Once the contract p a y m e n t is approved on your name, the ministry's appointed bank will pay you the sum of USD10M. This opportunity will be beneficial to both of us and I have worked out all modalities to secure a successful completion of the transaction.

Note that this transaction is 100% risk free and there are no risks or obligations for any unsuccessful profiling. I guarantee that it will be executed under a legitimate arrangement without any breach of the law either here in South Africa or elsewhere. Once your contract payment is approved and the transfer is completed to your account, I will travel to meet with you and we will share the funds in the ratio of 50% for me, and 50% for you as your benefit. I urge for your full cooperation in this deal, and also to maintain an appreciable level of commitment and confidentiality, especially considering my position in the government ministry. The transaction will be done officially and in the most secure manner while observing all official and standard banking procedures.

Kindly let me know if we can do this deal together, and reply to my private email address at:

Upon receipt of your response declaring your interest and cooperation, I will provide you with more working details and my private telephone number to expedite our communication. Should you be able to cooperate and assist to actualize this deal, please be kind to inform me as a matter of urgency.

Yours faithfully,
David John

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