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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Nkosona Samuel Johnson" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 18 Dec 2017 23:58:58 +0200
Subject: Confidential

Hello Dear,
I am Nkosona Samuel Johnson a Senior Accountant with the ESKOM Limited in the Republic of South Africa. We are a power utility company based in South Africa.
I need a good partner like yourself that I can trust to actualize this GOOD venture, There is an Over invoiced related TENDER Contract Sum ( US$100 Million Dollars) and it is 100% Legal and the process is quite simple. Let state right here that you will be required at some point to visit South Africa for the signing of the relevant document and I shall be with you every step of the way to ensure a smooth facilitation of the entire procedure. My plan is to move this money out of South Africa and Wire it directly into your own oversea Account and I am willing to compensate you after the transfer has been completed.
NB: Respond to this letter for more details regarding to this deal.
Email: (
Yours Sincerely,
Nkosna Samuel Johnson

Anti-fraud resources: