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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "GVA ABOGADOS" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 19 Dec 2017 05:54:27 -0800
Subject: Re: Executory Consideration

Dear Sir/Madam,

Re: Seeking Executor of Last Will and Testament.

For the avoidance of doubts, it is very important that I make myself very clear to you.
My name is Barrister Juan Martin Domingo Sanchez, an Attorney at Law in Madrid-Spain.
I am writing to notify you of the TESTAMENT of our late client Mr. Yaroslav Zojniuk,
Ukrainian who unfortunately lost his life in the Madrid Bomb Blast on March 11, 2004.
The deceased was a business man who traveled to Spain on business survey/holiday with
his wife and their only daughter when they met their tragic death.

My client before his death made a deposit of Twenty Million, Nine Hundred and Fifty
Thousand Euros (€12,950,000.00) in Valencia Spain in his effort to set up a business
empire in Western Europe.However, I was mandated by our team of professionals to search
for the relatives of the deceased regarding his deposit as the holding financial
institution wants him to come forward for the endorsement of the reinvestment documents
for immediate release of the inheritance deposit. It is in this regard that I decided
to solicit your assistance, by presenting you as the Executor and Trustee to the deceased.

This transaction is very confidential since I can re-validate his LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT
to bear your name as the TRUSTEE & EXECUTOR. This transaction shall be executed under
legitimate and legal procedures that will protect you from any breach of the Law.
Although, I have agreed on the following sharing ratios: 25% for your assistance and 75%
for me but this is still open for negotiation. Please reply urgently with your e-mail,
telephone/fax # for more information on procedure and legality of this claim via my
private email:

Juan Martin Domingo Sanchez
Attorney At Law.

Anti-fraud resources: