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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Elizabeth John <>
Reply-To: Elizabeth John <>
Date: Wed, 20 Dec 2017 02:21:21 +0900 (JST)
Subject: My Dearest One, This is Miss Elizabeth John from Trinidad &Tobago. I am writing from the hospital in Ivory Coast, therefore this mail is very urgent, I am dying in the hospital which I don't know what tomorrow will be. I was told by my doctor that I was poisoned and has got my liver damaged and can only live for some months, and it's my step mother that wants to kill me, to take over my Inheritance. I have an orphan child, named Peter Martins and $4.8 million Dollars I inherited from my late father, my ste

Miss Elizabeth John

Anti-fraud resources: