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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Zeinab Jammeh" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 5 Jan 2018 02:37:29 -0800
Subject: Reply me back ( happy new year )

Salam I hope that you have a wonderful health, I am The Formal First Lady Of Gambia,Wife Of Yahya Jammeh the past president of the Republic of Gambia. I saw your profile and I would like to discuss an important and confidential family business investment with you,with the direction of my Husband(Yahya Jammeh) your profile is perfect for a project i need your partnership for the investment of huge funds in your country and you will be entitled to part of the investment funds as your share capital for cooperation and for managing the investment , let me know if you are interested and I will send you all the necessary details. In case you are confused about my identity just visit my personal page Truly Yours, Zeinab Suma Jammeh

Anti-fraud resources: