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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Ms.L.Yandong" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 8 Jan 2018 19:56:51 +0100
Subject: I Need Your Cooperation!!

Dear Friend,

I apologized for sending you this unsolicited e-mail,i am the personal assistant to a top director of a prime bank here in Hong Kong SAR and on his instruction ,i am sending you this proposal of a profitable and yet confidential business-deal offer from our bank that will be mutually beneficial.

Kindly send me your full names and private e-mail address where i can reach you with full details of this business-deal offer,as it is said'the taste of the pudding is in the eating",so i urge you to reply me quickly and let us form a relationship that will be mutually beneficial to us all. Email:

I wait for your positive e-mail reply ASAP.


Anti-fraud resources: