fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "loan amount" (Beware of fake loan offers. Real lenders would not normally use free webmail addresses such as Yahoo, nor would they lend to individuals or small businesses in a different country from where they are based. Beware of mobile phones or redirector numbers!)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (This email address looks like addresses used in fake loan scams. Be suspicious of any lender who uses a free webmail address or who is based in different country from yourself.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (Gmail/GoogleMail; can be used from anywhere worldwide)
Fraud email example:
From: "RONALD MORIS" (may be fake)
Date: Fri, 19 Jan 2018 06:56:20 +0100
Subject: GET YOUR LOAN
we are private lender,we give out unsecured guarantee loans
to Business Men and women who are into Business transaction,automobile
purchase,house purchase loan and other personal loans E.T.C.we give
out long term loan for five to ten years maximum with 3.5% interest
Bank instrument are available Worldwide project financing, Loans,BD,
Letter of credit, Loans are given out in Great British Pounds,Euros,US$ only
Features Of Our Loan:
No security needed for low amount
Equity contribution required 3%
manangement fee 3%
Very affordable interest rates from 3.56%
Flexible repayment periods of 12 - 36 months
Borrow between $5,000 to $3,000,000
Convenience and easy access
State of origin:
Date of Birth:
Purpose of loan:
Copy of int'l identity to prove yourself.
Email us at:firstname.lastname@example.org