fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "transaction is risk free" (almost true for the criminal trying to scam you - arrests of online criminals are rare)
- "foreign exchange" (Banks mentioned in 419 scams are always fake (real banks don't communicate using mobile phones or free webmail addresses))
- "robert mugabe" (the name of a person or institution often appearing in 419 scams)
- This email message is a "Zimbabwe" scam.
Fraud email example:
From: David K <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 12 Feb 2018 08:07:50 -0800
Subject: Call Me on +27-634119707
FROM: DAVID KUBA
NO.10 ANDERSON STREET
JOHANNESBURG, SOUTH AFRICA
Call Me on +27-634119707
STRICTLY PRIVATE AND CONFIDENTIAL
You may be surprised to receive this letter from me since you don't know
me personally, the purpose of my introduction is that, I am MR.DAVID
KUBA,the first SON of MR.PEDRO KUBA,a farmer and leader movement for
democratic change (MDC)in Zimbabwe who was murdered in the land dispute
I was furnished with viable information from the International Trade
Centre here in Johannesburg and I decided to write to you. Before the
death of my father, he had taken me to Johannesburg to deposit the sum
of US$15M(FIFTEEN MILLION UNITED STATES DOLLARS),in a Security Company,
as if he fore saw the looming danger in Zimbabwe.
This amount was meant for the purchase of new machines and chemicals for
the farms and the establishment of the new farms in Swaziland. This land
problem came when Zimbabwean President MR.ROBERT MUGABE introduced a new
Land Act which wholly affected the rich white farmers and some few black
farmers. This resulted to the killing and mob action by Zimbabwean war
veterans and some lunatics in the society. Infact, alot of people have
been killed because of this land reformed Act for which my father was
one of the victims.
It is against this background, that I and my family who are currently
staying in South Africa decided to transfer my father's money to foreign
account since the law of South Africa prohibit a refugee (asylum seeker)
to open any bank account or to be involved in any financial transaction.
As the eldest SON of my father, I am saddled with the responsibility of
seeking a genuine foreign account where this money could be transferred
without the knowledge of my government who are bent on taking everything
we have got. I am faced with the dilemma of investing this amount of
money in South Africa for fear of going through the same experience in
future since both countries have similar political history.
Moreover, the South African Foreign Exchange Policy does not allow such
investment as an asylum seeker. As a business man, whom I have entrusted
my future and of my family in his hands, I must let you know that this
transaction is risk free. If you accept to assist me and my family. will
aid us in transferring the money into any account you will nominate
This money I intend to use for investment. I have two options for you,
firstly you can choose to have a certain percentage of the money for
nominating your account for this transaction. Or you can go into
partnership with me for the proper profitable investment of the money in
Whichever the option you want, feel free to notify me as I have also
mapped out 5% of this money for all kinds of expenses incurred in the
process of this transaction. If you do not prefer a partnership I am
willing to give you 20% of the money while the remaining 75% will be for
my investment in your country.
Contact me with the above telephone number while I implore you to
maintain the absolute secrecy required in this transaction. And no
matter the level of transaction we are, you must call me on phone first
before sending a reply.
Please, you should keep this transaction secret and confidential. And
send your fax and telephone numbers for easy communication.
DAVID KUBA(for the family)