fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "a security company " (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "await your urgent response" (scammers rush victims so they don't have time to think properly)
- "utmost confidentiality" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- "barr." (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Caroline Lody and Associatees" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 12 Feb 2018 23:38:45 +0100
Subject: Help Me
Caroline Lody Solicitors & Associates
74 - 77 Great Russell Street,
London WC1B 3DA, United Kingdom.
I am the personal attorney to Late Mr. Steven Vandersande, a Netherland who was a consultant with Shell UK LTD here in London, who hereinafter shall be referred to as my client. Unfortunately My Client lost his life in a plane crash MH17 on the 17th July, 2014 during one of his trip from Netherlands (Amsterdam) to Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur). My Client left no clear beneficiary to the fund deposited with a Security Company as Next of Kin except some vital documents related to the deposit that is still with me.
All efforts by me to trace his Next of Kin and relatives have proved abortive because he did not make any will prior to his death. Since then, I have made several inquiries to locate any of my late clients extended relatives and this has proved unsuccessful. I decided to contact you if you can be able to assist me to claim this fund after my several unsuccessful attempts to locate any member of his family.
I am willing to give you 40% of this money if you accept to assist me to claim this fund , I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect you from any breach of the law; all I need from you is your utmost collaboration and sincerity for us to thrive in this deal. I want you to reply me immediately and include your direct phone number so that we can discuss more as regard to this transaction if you are interested. Thank you and Please treat this matter with utmost confidentiality. I await your urgent response.
Barr. Caroline Lody.
My Direct Fax: +448458741197.