fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "into your nominated bank account" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Brian t. Moynihan" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reply-To: "email@example.com" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 23 Feb 2018 16:04:24 +0100 (CET)
Subject: RE: COMPENSATION FUND FROM BANK OF AMERICA
Bank of America
150 Broadway Ave
New York, NY 10038 Usa.
RE: COMPENSATION FUND FROM BANK OF AMERICA
This is officially to notify you that We have received a payment credit instruction from the World Bank Swiss to credit your account with your full Inheritance fund of US$10.5 Million from the Nigerian Reserve account With our Bank because they are having problem with International Monetary Fund (IMF). We the Bank of America has taken up the mantle to advocate on your interest for the release of your fund over delayed payment.
I hereby acquaint you with the procedure for the release and transfer of this approved payment fund to you. You are required to furnish to us the under mentioned statutory requisites to enable my office commence actions.
Be informed that transfer will commence immediately we hear from you with the account information. Once more, Bank of America will not hesitate to credit your account within 24 hours in accordance with Fund release order regulations.
Finally, I want you to know that all arrangement has been put in place for the successful transfer of your contract/inheritance fund of US$10.5 Million into your bank account, The transfer of your fund is 100% Genuine and risk free, as all international rules and regulations concerning Fund Transfer has been adhere for safe transfer of your fund into your Nominated bank account.
This is a golden opportunity for you now to receive your fund. Thanks for your anticipated co-operation. Have a nice day.
Your Immediate Response is highly needed to enable us commence for the transfer.
Mr. Brian t. Moynihan
Manager Bank of America