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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Robert Oswald <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 02:01:07 +0100
Subject: Re: Investor Needed®.

Dear Sir/Madam

My Investors living in Oslo is willing, ready to invest funds into your existing and future Projects. My Investors will be ready and willing to provide funds to accomplish any serious, good, and genuine and Viable Projects. Please contact with me directly if you know of any serious Trustee / Individual who can Invest this funds properly into his/ her existing projects. Contact me via email

Thanks and Best Regards
Mr. Robert Oswald

Anti-fraud resources: