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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "John Maluife" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 26 Feb 2018 02:12:45 -0800
Subject: Investment fund

My Name is Mr John Maluife,an investment consultant, I am making this contact to you on behalf of my client, In my many years in this profession i comprehended confidentiality to all my clients, i work very hard to maintain business bond, keep their secrets as agreed and protect them as well.

My noble client is a wife of the ex-president of Zimbabwe government, she mandated me to seek for an astute investment fund manager from, Europe,Asia and the America respectively, with vast knowledge in the management of investible fund in Millions of dollars, i cannot disclose the figures set aside to re-invest with you here yet, until we agree for a business mutual confidentiality.

In addition, the investment manager would be given full authorization to invest the funds on behalf of the investor without any form of involvement from the investor until the tension and criticism is almost settled down in her country , but to function strictly with the investor's financial manager directly.

The Investor who has just left the executive cabinet of the Zimbabwean government,is willing after being convinced of the investment manager capability and ability to manage the investment funds ,would legally transfer the full ownership of the investment funds into the custody of the investment manager after the investment manager and his financial manager must have sited the funds with the holding financial firms in Dubai.

I await your favorable reply,

Mr John Maluife

Anti-fraud resources: